TOMB 8 (SCINTILLIA)
The study case involved the reconstruction of the Tomb 8 in the small necropolis in Scintilia, 10 km east from Agrigento, whose oldest attendance dating initial Eneolithic, first half of the fourth millennium a.C.. The structure of the tomb is completely dug out of the rocky floor and consists of a vertical well which is the entrance to the hypogeic room that develops so moved to the North-East among the entrance. The study of the inside finds allowed to identify the type of funeral ritual that interested the necropolis called "ritual of collective burials" which involved the manipulation and selection of individual bones, reduced to skeletal, to make way for the new deposition that was placed at the center of room. In particular the long and short bones of the old depositions were arranged with meticulous care on the side walls of the structure. Besides the funeral remains it was also found a set of ceramic artifacts, ollette of globular body and everted rim, used to hold both meals and pigments, used in the decoration of the dead. The access to the grave was finally occluded by a ballast bed of stones that could, if necessary, be subsequently removed to permit access for further depositions. The reconstruction involved the modeling of the structure of the tomb and artifacts, through the use of plants and phase sections provided by the experts, and the subsequent attachment of bones and jars inside the hypogeic chamber willing faithfully than archaeological recoveries.